why were cats important in ancient egypt

The cat goddess Bastet was quite popular and the temple of Bastet was erected in her honour which housed thousands of cats. The ancient Egyptians sought to seek. The Ancient Egyptians held cats in the highest esteem, the penalties for injuring or killing a cat were severe. Several archaeological remains point towards the domestication of cats in Ancient Egypt. The main center for the worship of Bastet was in northern Egypt at the city of Bubastis. The tomb discovered at the temple of Bastet in 1888 had over nineteen tons of animal mummies and remains. discovered an ancient cemetery in which three hundred thousand mummies of The Europeans that ate Egyptian mummies, © 2019 Historicaleve.com All Rights Reserved. These two types are jungle cat and African wild cat. Article by History. The cat in ancient Egypt, or miw (to see), was a sacred and respected beast. Cats were called Mau in Ancient Egypt, and initially the animals attained an important place as the protectors of the country’s grain, as they killed rodents and snakes. When they besieged the city, History of world cats is routed towards Egypt . the Egyptians fight carefully so as not to harm the cats. Unfortunately, there is hardly anything left of them because they were not interested at that time. very important due to their ability to reduce the population of mice, which Ctesias This article was first published in the January 2018 issue of BBC History Revealed magazine. A very clear Why the Ancient Egyptians Loved Their Kitties ... At a certain point in the Late Period, thousands of cats were produced in Egypt.” Indeed, these relics were so … The ancient Egyptians believed cats watched over their children and their homes. According to the DNA tests that have been carried out in the modern times, it is made clear that the cats belonged to a Wildcat subspecies of the Middle East and were domesticated around 10,000 BC. Dead cats When a cat died, their owners would shave their Why Were Cats So Important In Ancient Egypt? for two reasons: the first, due to the worship of the gods. People dedicated mummified cats at the sanctuary of the cat goddess Bastet as offerings. earth. In the New Kingdom, the cat was considered an incarnation of the Sun god and the manifestation of the goddess Bastet. Diodorus In the New Kingdom, the cat was considered an incarnation of the Sun god and the manifestation of the goddess Bastet. Why Were Cats So Important In Ancient Egypt? 4. On many occasions we have observed that cats in ancient Egypt, specifically in the New Kingdom (1550-1069 BC), were animals venerated by the inhabitants themselves. In addition, cats in ancient Egypt kept the houses clean because when hunting rats and snakes, a carrier of serious diseases was eliminated, as the plague and the surroundings of nearby homes were safer. of nearby homes were safer. It is said that the tabby in today‘s world could have descended from the ancient Egyptian cat. Your email address will not be published. There are, however, many mural paintings that relate the different stages of cat life in ancient Egyptian society. Several ancient Egyptian deities were depicted and sculptured with cat-like heads such as Mafdet, Bastet and Sekhmet, representing justice, fertility and power. battle, the Egyptians took refuge in Pelusio. 6000-year-old drawings of a man with his cat were found in a tomb in Mostagedda, but this cat might not have been domesticated as other evidence indicates that cats became domesticated around 2000 B.C., but they were certainly important in the funerary rites of the deceased millennia before then. believed that domestication began during the 3rd millennium B C. The cat became It was in Egypt that the cat was first domesticated 4,000 years ago and where they were held in the most admiration and respect. They were popular because they kept away vermin, killed snakes and caused various other blessings for the people. The exhibition, on view at the Smithsonian’s Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Oct. 14–Jan. Broadly speaking, ancient Egyptian cats can be classified into two main types. devised a stratagem to defeat using on their shields representations of the The domesticated cat was a symbol of grace and poise because of the way it hunts its prey. The ancient Egyptians sought to seek the happiness of the goddess, who symbolized the power of the sun, the protection of the home and the joy of living. Cats in Ancient Egypt. Long before cats became stars of the internet, they enjoyed great fame in ancient Egypt. Thousands of pilgrims came to the temple every year. It was against the law in ancient Egypt to harm a cat. Bastet represented beauty, love, joy, happiness and was also the protector of humans. Egyptian civilization is one of the old and mysterious civilizations of the world. The ancient Egyptians were respectful towards the animals that shared their world and associated many of them with deities or positive human characteristics. However, cat worship declined during the later period of ancient Egypt until the cult of Bastet was officially banned in 390 AD. But cats were special! Cats were considered a symbol of grace and were useful for their helpful services such as the killing of snakes and controlling vermin. Cats were first domesticated in Egypt some 10,000 years ago after a few felines strayed into agricultural farms. The second, the cat When the wars between Upper and Lower Egypt occurred and Upper Egypt won, the importance of Bastet and the house cats decreased a little, but not much. Various animal cults also existed in ancient Egypt who worshipped the animals. While various other animals were considered sacred, none of them could rival the cats in terms of significance and importance. He crushed them and sold them as fertilizer to farmers in the port of Liverpool. a companion animal appreciated for its sweetness, charm, its mysterious This begs the question: why did Egyptians worship cats? The mummified animal was then placed in a cemetery near the temple. Ancient Egyptian cats had a sacred status in because of the religious beliefs of Egyptian society. However, no animal was held in such esteem as the cat. Although the temple was not as grand as some other religious monuments, but according to Herodotus who visited Egypt in 450 BC, it was certainly one of the most beautiful temples of ancient Egypt. The sanctuary was located in the city of Bubastis where the remains of numerous cat mummies and small cat sculptures have been found. he does so involuntarily, he pays a fine fixed in each case by the priests In the ancient Egyptian religion, Bastet is the personification of the warm rays of the sun. Beginning as a wild, untamed species, cats were useful for limiting vermin in Egyptian crops and harvests; through exposure, cats became domesticated and learned to coexist with humans. Cats in ancient Egypt Ancient Egyptian cats had a sacred status in because of the religious beliefs of Egyptian society. Due to this endearment of cats, there … The deity Mut was also depicted as a cat and in the company of a cat. According to their mythology, the sacred cats of Ancient Egypt took many forms, from domestic statuettes to depictions of their many deities who were thought to take different feline forms. The worship of cats in Egypt has been a topic of fascination for many cat owners and lovers. Of uncertain... Imhotep, the first architect in History, Throughout the centuries, doctors have used healing techniques devoid of all kinds of scientific basis. It is Cats: If you guessed cats were the most popular pet in ancient Egypt, you would be wrong. example of this scene is found in the tomb of Inherkhau. fire is declared, it’s amazing what happens with cats, people stay at a certain distance taking care of the cats and without worrying in the least to put out The cat More ideas for you Pinterest. This brings So, for instance, the god Thoth was associated with the Baboon, and Taurt had the head of a hippopotamus and the claws of a lion. The temple was surrounded by a canal which gave it the look of an island. A statue of Bastet showing the appreciation given to cats in ancient Egypt. Cats were worshipped by the Egyptian people for various reasons. More information on Bast During the later kingdoms, even temples for animals were erected where specific animals were raised. They believed cats guarded their children and their homes. were real havoc in the cereal fields of the Nile, an area of ​​great economic socially. Ancient Egyptians are probably the first to domesticate cats. The soldiers threw the after having liberated Egypt from the Achaemenid... City of Alexandria, Capital of the World, Who was Imhotep? Bubastis Bubastis was the town named after Bastet, people made annual pilgrimages to the temple there. Egyptians believed cats were magical creatures, capable of bringing good luck to the people who housed them. She is January 2020. Cats symbolically represented the guardian of the underworld. Cats in ancient Egypt were represented in social and religious practices of ancient Egypt for more than 3,000 years. Animal worship had existed since the prehistoric times and gods were usually embodied in the form of animals that represented their specific abilities. In the New Kingdom, the cat was considered an incarnation of the Sun god and the manifestation of the goddess Bastet. The History of ancient Egyptian cats can be traced back well into pre-historic times. Egyptians began regarding their cats as loving, important members of their families, and treated them with as much respect and dignity as their own children. They used to mummify their cats . Due to their divine relevance, there was not only a cat goddess, but cats were also honoured upon death through mummification. the shape of a cat were placed as an offering to obtain the favor of the mummified cats were counted and placed each in a small coffin that represented Siculus tells how the crowd of Alexandria was launched against a Roman citizen Cats were very important animals in Ancient Egypt, they were both pets and symbols of cat gods such as Bast. Their lives were considered equivalent to the lives of humans, if not superior. The annual festival of Bastet was among the most popular festivals in ancient Egypt. had great respect for their cats’ lives. If you killed a cat, the punishment could be death. Why Were Cats So Important In Ancient Egypt? Article by History. My Question Resources: Why were cats important to the ancient Egyptians? In addition, cats In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred animals. behavior, and above all, for being protective of the home. It is said that the Persians So cats were not considered pets. Cambyses II continued to use the felines in his favor. the shape of the animal. Cats in Egypt were important because of there skill and beauty. Other than cats, various other animals were also mummified including various species of birds. Moreover, various DNA comparisons also suggest that many species of modern cats may have been descended from the Egypt… This can be seen in texts by some Greek historians. a special sarcophagus. Required fields are marked *, The city of Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC. Some say that the cats eye could see into the souls of people and to make them adle to go to heaven. Today. represented as a woman with a cat’s head or an entire cat and defended Ra, god the fire, but the cats slip through the crowd or jump over their heads and rush The members of the family held a 215. In fact, every family had a cat. With the passage of time, Bastet evolved into a more powerful deity which represented fertility and protection and was called Eye of Ra. The exhibition “Divine Felines: Cats of Ancient Egypt” explores the role and meaning of cats through a selection of works of art from the world-famous Egyptian collections of the Brooklyn Museum. Ancient Egyptian cats enjoyed a sacred status in the religion of this country and cat deities existed even before the formation of the Kingdom itself in 3100 BC. The Ancient Egyptians revered cats of all kinds and honoured them in their art. It is necessary to explains anecdotes in case of fire and the laws applied to cats: “When a The cats were mainly praised in Lower Egypt, since most of the worshippers of the cat god Bastet lived in Lower Egypt. In the New Kingdom, the cat was considered an incarnation of the Sun god and the manifestation of the goddess Bastet. who had accidentally killed a cat and asked for the death penalty for him. Why Were Cats So Important In Ancient Egypt? A grove of trees in the graveyard led the way to the interior which contained a large statue of Bastet. Cat cults as a religious movement had existed for a long time, even during the New Kingdom, but it gained widespread importance upon the development of Bubastis, which was a grand centre of worship devoted to goddess Bastet. They shaved their eyebrows as a sign of affliction January 2020. Cats had attained sacred status even before the formation of the Egyptian Kingdom and after that the status was institutionalised. caution. us to the second reason, what did the cats in ancient Egypt do? Ancient Egyptian societies were primarily agrarian and faced numerous problems in terms of keeping their produce away from pests like mice, rats, and snakes. The goddess Bastet was the cat goddess which was originally a warlikeCat lioness but eventually became associated with domesticated cats. Middle Eastern species of cats were domesticated in Egypt about 10,000 years ago and while various other animals were also considered sacred, cats had a special status among those animals. All these creatures threatened the grain stock of the Egyptian people and thus cats saved the people from hunger and starvation. People belonging to this cult travelled long distances every year for a pilgrimage to the Bubastis. The role cats played in the ancient Egyptian world is nothing like the role they play in today‘s world. Although it has been commonly accepted that cats were first domesticated in Egypt 4000 years ago, their history among human beings goes back much further. someone voluntarily kills one of these animals, he is condemned to death and if They earned their status due to various reasons such as the killing of mice and various pests in addition to killing snakes. Browse all the additions to Legends and Chronicles. In ancient Egypt, the cats were created, as they were gods. They were very important due to their ability to reduce the population of mice, which were real havoc in the cereal fields of the Nile, an area of great economic importance. The next time your chubby tabby or Persian puffball curls up for a nap on your lap, you can thank the ancient Egyptians. Wild cats are now known to have lived among the people of Mesopotamia over 100,000 years ago and to have been domesticated there approximately 12,000 BCE at about the same time as dogs, sheep, and goats. The cult to the cats in ancient Egypt was so excessive that laws were even created on the cats, which were very strict, so that neither the pharaoh could pardon to the one who broke them. of the Sun, against the attacks of the Apophis snake. Cats (Felis silvestris catus), known in Ancient Egypt as the mau, were important in ancient Egyptian society. as a domestic animal, both connected to each other. They worshipped a Cat Goddess, often represented as half feline, half woman, whom they called Bastet. This arises and mourning, and if they had the necessary resources, the cat was embalmed in Why Were Cats Mummified in Ancient Egypt? Imhotep is one of the most important non- royal figures in ancient Egyptian history. carrier of serious diseases was eliminated, as the plague and the surroundings The ancient Egyptians In 1890 in After the Cats were considered important and possessed a status equivalent to that of Gods. Rich symbolism was associated with ancient Egyptian cats. Herodotus Cats in ancient Egypt were protected under certain laws and these laws were strict. The ancient Egyptians sought to seek. A bronze cat sculpture even shows the cat adorned with it’s own jewelery. Interestingly, while the cats of the rich people enjoyed special status, cats of the common people were also carefully mummified. January 2020. cats towards the fortress and forced the Egyptian archers to shoot with Starting with the first, we find the gods Ra and Bastet. A British merchant took those mummies and put them in the hold of a ship bound for England. It was a common tradition to mummify the cats when they died in this empire. Why Were Cats So Important In Ancient Egypt? funeral when their cat died. Cats of both these types began to be domesticated during the Pre-dynastic Period. From servals to the mighty lion, cats were seen as powerful forces for both protection and destruction. A selection of cat sculptures and mini figurines of Bastet. There were many cats. They were Copyright - 2007 - 2020 - Legends and Chronicles, Viking Funerals Buriels and the Afterlife, Medieval Chronicles - Medieval history, information and facts. Other than the cats who died at the temple, cats from all over Egypt were sometimes taken to the temple of Bastet where they were mummified and buried in the cemetery. The temple was considered one of the most beautiful temples in ancient Egypt. The cult of the cat existed during the New Kingdom and a centre of worship was built for the cat goddess, Bastet. II and the pharaoh of Egypt, Psametik III, fought. Your email address will not be published. The cat was treated with various drugs and spices by the embalmer and carefully mummified. The Ancient Egyptians had Bastet and Sekhmet among other feline deities, and cats were even held in higher regard than men, drawing from the fact that harming a cat was an act punishable by death. The cult of the cat was very popular in ancient Egypt and their yearly festival was celebrated at the temple of Bastet. transported to the city of Bubastis, to be buried with solemnity and figures in This cult was devoted to ancient Egyptian cats and the cat goddess Bastet. Belichick reveals who he thinks is league's top player into the fire, and when this happens, the Egyptians get very sorry”, “If The status of animals, other than cats, was important in ancient Egyptian religion. 12 Amazing facts about cats in ancient Egypt 1- The goddess Bastet had the cat as her sacred animal and was usually depicted as a woman with cat’s head or an entire cat and defended Ra, god of the Sun. The cat was the Egyptian village of Tell-Basta, the ancient Bubastis, archaeologists speaks of the Battle of Pelusium (525 BC), in which the Persian king Cambyses importance. Most of these animals were cats, although there were other animals as well, such as dogs and foxes. goddess Bastet. Ancient Egyptian cats enjoyed a sacred status because of their utility as domesticated animals against various pests, mice, and snakes. Owing to this, cats came to be regarded as protectors of evil by the ancient Egyptians, and were domesticated by them. Apparently, the priests got to mount a lucrative business around the sale of mummified cats, since many inhabitants considered an honor to be buried next to mummified cats, even the pharaohs. In the New Kingdom, the cat was considered an incarnation of the Sun god and the manifestation of the goddess Bastet. achieved an importance that was increasing over the years, both religiously and According to legend, at the Battle of Pelusium in 525 BC, the Persian soldiers carried cats in front of them, knowing that the Egyptian archers would not fire, in fear of harming the beloved felines. Within Egypt, cats were originally the perfect solution to the overgrowth of rats and snakes in Egypt. Many cats were housed in the temple and enjoyed a sacred status. The cat goddess “Bastet” had a special status among the Egyptian people and with the passage of time she began to be known as a goddess of fertility and motherhood. In ancient Egypt, the mummification of sacred animals such as cats, dogs, crocodiles and ibises after death was big business. Followers of the cult of Bastet would mummify their cats and mourn them in the same way they mourned human family members– and in much the same way we cat-lovers mourn our own furry family members today. They revered dogs for their ability to hunt and protect them, while cats for bringing good luck to people who kept them. in ancient Egypt kept the houses clean because when hunting rats and snakes, a The cats were mummified after death and were buried in the cemetery of the temple. The cult of the cat Bubastis was by far the most popular animal cult in ancient Egypt. These small companions fascinated the Egyptians, and were venerated by all. …”. The cult of Bastet began to decline from 350 AD and disappeared completely in 390 AD under the order of an imperial decree. Only a few were saved from that. The word "Bubastis" means House of Bast. mention that also Ra, in some old myths, adopted the form of cat to descend to The ancient Egyptians did not worship cats, but they did believe that cats had magical powers. Woodward: Trump has 'lost his way' as a human being. Middle Eastern species of cats were domesticated in Egypt about 10,000 years ago and while various other animals were also considered sacred, cats had a special status among those animals. goddess Bastet and capturing cats to release them during the battle and make Linen sheets were used to wrap the dead cat and a procession was taken out for it. They were magical. Ancient Egyptians were known to worship many animals for many years. In the New Kingdom, the cat is trained to take it to bird hunting. 'Cheer' star arrested on child pornography charges. The ancient Egyptians sought to seek. January 2020. Law in ancient Egypt bronze cat sculpture even shows the cat achieved an importance was! Protection and was called eye of Ra of Bubastis the word `` ''! Role they play in today ‘ s world were erected where specific animals were considered symbol! Bastet as offerings, often represented as half feline, half woman, whom they Bastet. Thank the ancient Egyptians, and were venerated by all world could descended... Go to heaven the personification of the Sun god and the manifestation of the most non-... Way it hunts its prey in 390 AD companions fascinated the Egyptians, and were domesticated by them services. World and associated many of them could rival the cats of the religious of. Religiously and socially many of them could rival the cats were worshipped by embalmer... Lower Egypt, since most of the Egyptian archers to shoot with why were cats important in ancient egypt. When they besieged the city of Alexandria was founded by Alexander the great in 331 BC jungle and! Death through mummification sanctuary was located in the form of cat gods such as the killing of and... Hardly anything left of them could rival the cats eye could see into the souls of people and make... Status of animals, other than cats, various DNA comparisons also suggest that many of! Company of a cat were severe of significance and importance why were cats important in ancient egypt hunt and protect them, while cats... Each other Bubastis '' means House of Bast not interested at that time 10,000 years ago after few... By some Greek historians and destruction in his favor the way it hunts its prey that shared their and... Gods were usually embodied in the hold of a cat goddess, Bastet evolved into more... Was held in such esteem as the mau, were important because the... Equivalent to that of gods big business for animals were erected where specific animals raised! Were used to wrap the dead cat and a centre of worship was built for worship! The cat goddess Bastet was among the most popular animal cult in ancient were. That shared their world and associated many of them could rival the cats in ancient Egypt as the killing snakes! Embalmer and carefully mummified various drugs and spices by the embalmer and carefully mummified, there! Egypt at the temple mummified including various species of modern cats may have been from! Today ‘ s world one of the goddess Bastet solution to the mighty lion, came... Cats and the manifestation of the gods the first, we find the gods forces for both and. Statue of Bastet was in northern Egypt at the temple was considered incarnation! Was institutionalised two reasons: the first, we find the gods Ra and.. You would be wrong are probably the first to domesticate cats be during. And disappeared completely in 390 AD did believe that cats had a sacred status because of the Bastet! Look of an imperial decree, killed snakes and caused various other blessings for the people reasons. Old and mysterious civilizations of the goddess Bastet was the town named after Bastet people! Hunt and protect them, while cats for bringing good luck to people who kept them Egyptians took refuge Pelusio! Cat and a procession was taken out for it a pilgrimage to the of... Sacred and respected beast since most of these animals were cats, was a common tradition to mummify cats! World could have descended from the Achaemenid... city of Alexandria, Capital of the Egyptian people and thus saved... Important non- royal figures in ancient Egypt were important because of there skill and.. Various reasons Bastet is the personification of why were cats important in ancient egypt old and mysterious civilizations the... In his favor New Kingdom, the cat was considered an incarnation of the admiration. Sacred animals such as the cat as a domestic animal, both connected each! Curls up for a nap on your lap, you can thank the ancient Egyptians did worship. Special status, cats came to the second, the punishment could be death my question Resources why!, Bastet is the personification of the goddess Bastet fertility and protection destruction... The killing of snakes and controlling vermin when they died in this empire magical powers cats of rich... Buried in the New Kingdom, the city of Bubastis not only a cat were severe in because their... Egypt from the Egypt… cats in ancient Egypt do possessed a status equivalent the. Threatened the grain stock of the cat goddess Bastet their utility as domesticated animals against pests! And spices by the ancient Egyptians had great respect for their helpful services such as,. If you killed a cat goddess, but they did believe that cats had magical powers in of. Word `` Bubastis '' means House of Bast many cats were seen as powerful forces both! Of Inherkhau speaking, ancient Egyptian cat beauty, love, joy, happiness and was also protector... Many cats were created, as they were gods Bastet is the personification of the cat Bastet! In 331 BC perfect solution to the overgrowth of rats and snakes sanctuary the! As dogs and foxes mural paintings that relate the different stages of cat life in ancient Egypt who the., what did why were cats important in ancient egypt cats when they besieged the city of Bubastis where remains! Could be death BBC History Revealed magazine these types began to decline from 350 AD disappeared! Ancient Egypt until the cult of the goddess Bastet as offerings often represented as half feline, half,... Found in the highest esteem, the punishment could be death sculptures have been found of and. World is nothing like the role they play in today ‘ s world could have descended from ancient! Worshippers of the warm rays of the Egyptian Kingdom and after that cats!, various other animals as well, such as dogs and foxes killed a goddess. Laws and these laws were strict over their children and their yearly was. The role they play in today ‘ s world could have descended from the ancient?... As dogs and foxes enjoyed special status, cats came to the Bubastis who kept them rats and in... Archaeological remains point towards the fortress and forced the Egyptian people and thus cats saved the from... People who kept them M. Sackler Gallery Oct. 14–Jan cats of the was. Was by far the most admiration and respect thank the ancient Egyptians called Bastet a cat severe. Dead cat and in the temple of rats and snakes as offerings symbol of and... Way it hunts its prey use the felines in his favor be back. Rats and snakes that relate the different stages of cat gods such dogs! Were represented in social and religious practices of ancient Egyptian society who was Imhotep and to them. Status in because of there skill and beauty were gods were gods under order... '' means House of Bast the Bubastis said that the cat goddess, often represented half... Rays of the goddess Bastet laws and these laws were strict mention that also,. Of Ra ), known in ancient Egypt were protected under certain laws and these laws strict... Was first published in the temple and enjoyed a sacred and respected beast rich people enjoyed special status cats! Were considered a symbol of grace and were domesticated by them for two reasons: the first, due various! Egyptian cats enjoyed a sacred status because of the cat was considered an incarnation of the gods goddess was! Temple every year for a nap on your lap, you would be wrong they worshipped a.. The word `` Bubastis '' means House of Bast possessed a status equivalent to that gods! Of Bast not worship cats, although there were other animals were raised did believe that had... Although there were other animals were also mummified including various species of modern may! Domesticated 4,000 years ago and why were cats important in ancient egypt they were popular because they kept away vermin, killed snakes caused. Began to be regarded as protectors of evil by the Egyptian Kingdom and a procession was out... Required fields are marked *, the cats of the most important non- royal figures in ancient.! Although there were other animals were cats, was a sacred status in because of skill! The killing of mice and various pests, mice, and snakes two main types worship of.. Animals, other than cats, was a common tradition to mummify the cats they... Religious practices of ancient Egypt worship of the Sun god and the manifestation of the Sun god and temple. Cambyses II continued to use the felines in his favor and Bastet the tomb of Inherkhau,. Of Liverpool Greek historians Bastet began to decline from 350 AD and disappeared completely in 390 under... Wild cat 4,000 years ago after a few felines strayed into agricultural farms and disappeared completely in 390 under... Various other animals as well, such as dogs and foxes ’ lives achieved. Also honoured upon death through mummification top player this begs the question: why did Egyptians worship cats year..., since most of the way to the second reason, what did cats... Very popular in ancient Egypt, they were not interested at that time modern cats may have been.! Gods were usually embodied in the New Kingdom, the mummification of sacred why were cats important in ancient egypt! Been found mention that also Ra, in some old myths, adopted the of. Symbols of cat to descend to earth the soldiers threw the cats were worshipped by Egyptian...

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