, Three locations between Spitak and Nalband (to the west) that were within several kilometers of the fault were examined for ground disturbances and each site was scrutinized for the effects of liquefaction. Must See Videos Video duration 2:38 Armenia earthquake 30 years on Jump to media player Two British firefighters revisit Spitak, the scene of a devastating earthquake in 1988. This is an excellent movie. But the film does stress the way good people helped each other in the shattered city, and the scenes of rescue pouring in from Russia, Georgia, Tajikistan, and elsewhere are not only a thread to cling to. It referred to reports last week that 17 people had been found alive 25 days after the disaster in the town of Spitak, which was flattened by the Dec. 7 earthquake. 5 years ago | 7 views. Aznavour, together with Armenian-French composer Georges Garvarentz, formed a foundation called "Aznavour for Armenia" and composed the song as a call for help for the Armenians. I thought it was excellent. At 11:41 a.m., the earthquake damaged nearly a third of the small country and destroyed the town of Spitak near the epicenter. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. Armenian,1 E.K. The initial portion of work included nearly a full week setting up the seismometers and optimizing their operation and, with that complete, two full weeks of continuous operation was then completed with twenty six seismometers covering an area over 1500 square kilometers. Sign in to see videos available to you. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. A Father's Promise An All-Creatures Spiritual Archives Story from All-Creatures.org A Father's Promise. Rentals include 30 days to start watching this video and 48 hours to finish once started. STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian … The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes and is part of a larger active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps to the Himalayas. ", Many buildings did not hold up to the shaking of the earthquake and those that did collapse often lacked any survival space, but lack of effective medical care and poor planning also contributed to the substantial scope of the disaster.  Japan sent a monetary gift of $9 million while Italy had plans to build a prefabricated village for the victims, and West Germany offered to send more than a dozen heavy cranes. The engineers who scrutinized the damaged buildings and the rescue workers who had dismantled the buildings while extricating survivors ascribe both design shortcomings and improper construction methods for the failure of the buildings. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Armenia, 1988 - BPPBWG from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Most bridges and tunnels and other public infrastructure withstood the earthquake but hospitals did not fare well. In February 1989 one hundred construction workers were assembling temporary housing for themselves in Leninakan with a plan to start on the local population's housing by the end of the month, though schools and factories were also on the list of facilities to be rebuilt. 8:25. The Soviets had modified their construction style to accommodate the known seismic risk in the area, but they acknowledged to the team that many of the buildings were not built to withstand an earthquake of that magnitude. On December 7th 1988 Armenia was hit by a massive earthquake that claimed the lives of 25, 000 people and destroyed several cities. STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian SSR were shocked by a devastating earthquake, which was named after the epicenter as the Spitak earthquake. Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca arranged for a fund drive, and in Chicago (one of five major Armenian population centers in the US) the community raised $800,000 and donated 20,000 pounds of supplies. There were 3 quakes of magnitude 2.0+ in or near Armenia during the past 30 days, the largest largest being a 2.9 event. The message reads: “Dear residents of Gyumri, Spitak, Vanadzor and Stepanavan, Dear compatriots, Today is the day of remembering the victims of the 1988 earthquake. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. The highway's embankment failed, and though the site was repaired immediately, the resulting damage to the highway caused considerable delay in getting people and supplies into and out of the area following the disaster. On the day of the quake, two men arrive in their home town only to be caught up in the terrible events and must work together to rescue as … Most collapsed, killing two-thirds of the doctors, destroying equipment and medicine, and reducing the capacity to handle the critical medical needs in the region. The east-central segment coincided with the surface breaks between Spitak and Gekhasar, while the west-central portion's break was concealed under an anticline and was not visible at the surface. Biggest quake: 2.9 quake 18 km south of Karanlukh, Gegharkunik, Armenia, 4 December 2020 15:35 UTC Most recent quake: 2.4 quake 34 km northeast of Ararat, Armenia… The newspaper Pravda complained that the lack of cranes meant that "seconds and hours are being lost -- that means lives." Playing next. ARMENIAN EARTHQUAKE 07/12/1988 . Powerful tremors in nearly half a minute destroyed the whole northern part of Armenia, covering a … An Armenian man who was found digging with his fingers and hands was told by a doctor that if he continued to dig that way, he risked amputation. 1988 Armenian earthquake is within the scope of WikiProject Armenia, an attempt to improve and better organize information in articles related or pertaining to Armenia and Armenians.If you would like to contribute or collaborate, you could edit the article attached to this page or visit the project page for further information. Sometimes a foreign film can be hard if you do not understand the culture in which the movie takes place. Along the western segments the fault split into two branches with one to the southwest and the other to the northwest. Seismologists thoroughly studied the effects of the Spitak event, including the mainshock and aftershock fault rupture mechanisms and were on site setting up temporary seismometers before the end of 1988. This is a massive undertaking, and foreign involvement is both a necessary and a complicating factor. Browse more videos. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž), occurred on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating). Gorbachev, in a TV interview several weeks after his expedited return from New York City, said that the concrete blocks had been built with more than enough sand but too little concrete, and suggested that the concrete had been stolen. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. There the seismic signals were digitized, along with an internal time signal and an external DCF77 time signal, and stored on magnetic tape. 22 YEARS LATER. Eight of the selected sites were equipped with a vertical component velocity transducer along with an FM telemetry link to transfer data back to a central station where a three-component unit was stationed. , Avant-garde musician Pierre Schaeffer led a 498-member French rescue team to look for survivors in Leninakan, and worked there until all foreign personnel were asked to leave after the plan to bulldoze what was left of the ruins was formulated. Aleksandr Lebed 30 Sep 20 307 0. Bruce Bolt, a seismologist and a professor of earth and planetary science at the University of California, Berkeley, walked the length of the fault scarp in 1992 and found that the vertical displacement measured 1 m (3 ft 3 in) along most of the length with the southwest end reaching 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in). This page was last modified on 26 December 2015, at 23:36. In Leninakan there was a need for 18 new hospitals, 12 of which could be funded with the assistance of the republics of the Soviet Union, but foreign help would be required to build six additional facilities. Amazing movie.. better than any hollywood movie I would say. The journey was worth my time. A director, a doctor, a rescuer - stories of three people who survived the terrible earthquake in Armenia in 1988 and rebuilt their lives. One hundred and thirteen countries sent substantial amounts of humanitarian aid to the Soviet Union in the form of rescue equipment, search teams and medical supplies, but private donations and assistance from non-governmental organizations also had a large part of the international effort. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. On 7 December 1988 a colossal earthquake hit Armenia, leading to the deaths of 20,000 people. Both Leninakan and Kirovakan were roughly equidistant from the shock, yet Leninakan had greater damage. Follow. The first well-documented case of liquefaction in gravelly sands was in regard to the 1983 Borah Peak earthquake in the United States. Leonid Bibin, deputy chairman of the state building committee, stated that many newer homes collapsed as well and that he was beginning an investigation into the matter and that criminal charges would be brought. A song was produced by a duo of French composers (including Charles Aznavour) and a studio album that featured songs donated by mainstream rock bands was released from the Rock Aid Armenia effort by the British music industry. mayrik (earthquake in Armenia) Erline Marlowe. I was in Leninakan in 1982, when Armenia was still the "sunny outdoor museum of the USSR", a place of good food, ancient culture, a creative people risen from the ashes of the 1915 Genocide. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes … This may be explained by a 300–400 m (980–1,310 ft) sedimentary layer that is present beneath the city. This is a true event that happened. The team then set out to determine an accurate velocity model using data from the more accurate telemetry network. Going westward the fault split into two branches, a north-dipping reverse fault (north branch) and a right slip fault (south branch), but neither produced surface rupture. Very moving. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, … Though the recurrence of seismic events in Armenia does not reach the high frequency that is seen in other segments of this zone, rapid crustal deformation there is associated with active thrust faulting and volcanic activity. Other officials decided that the town would be relocated several miles to the southwest. President of Armenia Armen Sarkissian has addressed a message on the 32nd anniversary of the 1988 earthquake, the Presidential Office told Armenpress. Spitak was entirely destroyed during the devastating 1988 earthquake, and it was rebuilt in a slightly different location. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. Most of those funds went into the initial relief work and medical care plus the beginning portion of the rebuilding phase. , Red tape inevitably held up some of the rescue efforts and criticism of the perceived flawed processes soon followed.  Rock Aid Armenia, also known in earlier stages as Live Aid Armenia, was a humanitarian effort by the British music industry to raise money to help those affected by the earthquake. On Dec 7 1988 a devastating earthquake hit the Soviet republic of Armenia, killing around 25,000 people. The movie walks you very well though the emotions of those involved. The message reads: “Dear residents of Gyumri, Spitak, Vanadzor and Stepanavan, Dear compatriots, Today is the day of remembering the victims of the 1988 earthquake. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days A major earthquake devastated the Armenian Republic of the Soviet Union on December 7, 1988, resulting in thousands of deaths and injuries. 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. List of earthquakes in Armenia. Armenia earthquake 30 years on Jump to media player Two British firefighters revisit Spitak, the scene of a devastating earthquake in 1988. It is very difficult to bear. A second site that was close to the fault, also near the Pambak river and with similar soil deposits, did not experience liquefaction, though it would have experienced the same high peak ground accelerations as the failed highway embankment. Nine crew and 69 military personnel were on board the plane that struck a helicopter in foggy conditions at the small airport that was overrun with rescue flights. Moving westward closer to the central segments though, a transition of the fault type was becoming apparent, where an almost equal distribution of reverse fault mechanisms were observed as the strike-slip type. Acase-control studyof injuries arising from the earthquake in Armenia, 1988* H.K. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. Autoplay When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play next. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. Within a matter of seconds, the second and third largest cities of Gyumri and Vanadzor (Leninakan and Kirovakan at the time), the town of Spitak and settlements in the Akhuryan, … It is very well made, true to life, and unrelenting. In certain situations gravelly sands may liquefy in similar fashion as saturated sands. The committee was arrested by Soviet authorities on 11 December 1988 on charges of obstructing … The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. The earthquake measured 6.8 on the surface wave magnitude scale and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Devastating) on the Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. Officials acknowledged that the work to complete the rebuilding may take up to five years or longer, a supposition that more than doubled Gorbachev's estimate of two years. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. Areas to the southwest of Armenia, such as the northeastern Mediterranean coast, Turkey and Iran, are quite seismically active: More than four quakes with magnitudes greater than six have struck Turkey in the 20th century alone. This is not your typical Hollywood movie full of special effects with a thin story. Armenia's Acting Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan attends memorial events commemorating the 30th anniversary of the 1988 earthquake in the city of Gyumri; on December 7, 1988, an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the northwestern Armenia devastating the town of Spitak and severely damaging Armenia's second largest city of Leninakan (now Gyumri). This is more reflective of what actually happens during a disaster, including the human emotion. image caption On 7 December 1988 a devastating earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless in the Soviet republic. The Soviet's grid plan road scheme was found to not take into account the hillside at the new city's location, and the American's plan included finer details of how commercial centers and government facilities were grouped together in an open and communal style. Updated 13 Dec 2020 18:56 GMT - There were 3 quakes of magnitude 2.0+ in or near Armenia during the past 30 days, the largest largest being a 2.9 event. The earthquake hit Armenia's Spitak on December 7th 1988. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. Witness speaks to Anahit Karapetian who was trapped for hours under the rubble of her school. Find the perfect earthquake in armenia 1988 stock photo.  Igor Nesterov, (head of seismology of USSR) said the Leninakan seismic station was destroyed so there was no way of knowing whether it received reports of an earthquake coming its way, although Nesterovs' colleagues later said the station was not able to receive reports because of the lack of instruments it carried. Buildings that didn't collapse featured well-maintained masonry and skeletal components that were joined together adequately in a way that allowed for the building to resist seismic waves. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute's team compared building damage in each city and observed similar results when comparing stone buildings four stories or less in height, but for taller frame-stone buildings, 62% were destroyed at Leninakan while only 23% collapsed at Kirovakan. On December 7th 1988 Armenia was hit by a massive earthquake that claimed the lives of 25,000 people and destroyed several cities. The first site was on the highway that linked the three most damaged cities and was adjacent to a tributary of the Pambak river where the water table was close to the surface. Thirty-two years ago, on December 7, 1988, one of the most terrible tragedies in the modern history of Armenia took place. Reviewed in the United States on November 25, 2020. , The Soviet news media and government officials soon began to discuss the apparent substandard construction styles that had caused so many of Armenia's buildings to collapse. The official communist party newspaper Pravda said that poor construction, like other issues of neglect in the Soviet system, could be blamed on the Era of Stagnation from the era of Leonid Brezhnev. The moment of silence was held at the suggestion of Edmon Marukyan, the leader of the opposition Bright Armenia party. Lawmakers observed a moment of silence at the beginning of today’s session in the Armenian parliament in honor of the victims of the 1988 December 7 Spitak earthquake and the Second Nagorno Karabakh War. , The epicenters of the recorded aftershocks formed a relatively narrow 50 km (31 mi) band. Region Time Mag. The unrest and the opposition movement began in September 1988 with negotiations between the Karabakh Committee and Gorbachev taking place throughout most of 1989. Beginning with late 1987 the Caucasus region was experiencing a surge in political turmoil with large and near constant demonstrations being held in the capital of Yerevan beginning in February 1988. A standardized interview questionnaire was used. At the Yerevan airport, western pilots reported a breakdown in air traffic control communications, with flight controllers not delivering the necessary flight navigation instructions, allowing for a critical lack of separation as foreign planes made their way into the area. Reviewed in the United States on November 10, 2020. A total of 189 such individuals were identified through neighbourhood polyclinics in the city of Leninakan and 159 noninjured controls were selected from the same neighbourhoods. This movie does a great job sticking to the humanity that exceeds a particular culture and speaks a language all can understand. A total of five sub-events occurred in the first eleven seconds and an aftershock measuring 5.8 (local magnitude) occurred four minutes and twenty seconds later. Very touching. In the early morning hours of December 18, 1988, a little more than 10 days after the earthquake had struck Armenia, the Russian Aeroflot plane landed at Andrews Air Force Base, was quickly loaded with the 80,000 pounds of dialysis equipment and took off. In pictures: 25th anniversary of Armenian earthquake, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=1988_Armenian_earthquake&oldid=3409978, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Witness speaks to Anahit Karapetian who was trapped for hours under the rubble of her school. Leninakan earthquake in the Armenian region of Spitak 1988 by DiFilm. The shocks at the southeastern segment indicated right-lateral strike-slip movement along a nearly vertical fault, and may have been related to the Alavar fault. We need foreign assistance--and there is no doubt about that--but our friends do not know the local conditions and propose things that cannot or should not be built in an earthquake-prone region. Biggest quake: 2.9 quake 18 km south of Karanlukh, Gegharkunik, Armenia, 4 December 2020 15:35 UTC Most recent quake: 2.4 quake 34 km northeast of Ararat, Armenia, 4 Dec 7:35 pm (GMT +4) … , During the time of the earthquake, others believed that the destruction was a result of an underground nuclear explosion. Oganesian3 The studyattempts to identifypredictors ofinjuries amongpersons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. This movie subbed in English is a drama about an earthquake. Yuri S. Mkhitarian, an Armenian State Building Committee official, gave an updated damage report that included some of the outlying communities away from the population centers stating that 342 villages were damaged and another 58 were destroyed. Their injuries were minor, but one person did suffer a broken arm. It occurred on December 7, 1988 at 11:41 Armenian local time. There's a problem loading this menu right now. , As of July 1989 about $500 million in donations had been delivered to the Armenians from 113 countries. Six friends were in the basement of a nine-story building relocating barrels when it came down around them on December 7. Activity in the ar… For the fifteen months prior to the earthquake and at times up to hundreds of thousands of protesters, represented by the Karabakh Committee, were demanding both democracy and the unification of Nagorno-Karabakh (administered by Soviet Azerbaijan but disputed autonomous territory with an 80% Armenian majority and the Azerbaijani minority) in the mountains of the Karabakh region. Mikhail Gorbachev was in New York on his first day of visits with Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush at the time of the earthquake, and once the scale of the disaster was realized, a quick departure was made back to Armenia, with the Kremlin formally asking for American help. Also known as the Spitak Earthquake, it was an earthquake of magnitude 6.9 on the Richter scale, which had its epicenter in the Spitak region of Armenia. Earthquake engineering experts scrutinized building construction styles and found fault in the poorly constructed apartments and other buildings that were built during the Era of Stagnation under the rule of Leonid Brezhnev. (File) According to official data, tens of thousands of people were killed by the earthquake. The tapes were then played back and the P-wave and S-wave arrival times were used to automatically determine aftershock locations. It took six weeks from the creation of the song to completion of the disc and with almost two million copies sold, the foundation was able to build 47 schools and three orphanages for the victims of the disaster. Takes a bit to get used to the english voice dubbing, but you get so wrapped in the story that you forget about it. A number of the smaller outlying villages away from the larger population centers were also severely affected. Select the department you want to search in. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. The paper also stated that too many Soviet personnel were giving advice and not enough people were actually searching. , The Tsakheadzhor earthquake on October 20, 1827 was centered about 50 kilometers (31 mi) southeast of Spitak and had a maximum intensity of VIII on the Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. The soviet geophysicists detonated 100 kilograms of TNT in a hole drilled near the mainshock epicenter and the resulting shock waves were detected and used to help pinpoint a more accurate crustal velocity value of 5.3 to 5.4 km/s. Latest earthquakes in or near Armenia past 30 days. , The source of the event was a fault rupture 40 kilometers (25 mi) south of the Caucasus Mountains, a mountain range that has been produced by the convergence of the Arabian and the Eurasian tectonic plates. Reviewed in the United States on December 14, 2020. 1988 Armenian earthquake is located in Armenia, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Collapse of Floors, Leninakan, Armenia.tif, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Partial Collapse of Masonry Building, Spitak, Armenia.tif, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia), Urban Search and Rescue Virginia Task Force 1, "Still Recovering: A visit to the 1988 "center of the epicenter, "Soviet aides say deaths in quake may reach 50,000", "Deaths and Injuries due to the Earthquake in Armenia - A Cohort Approach", International Epidemiological Association, "Lessons and questions emerge from Armenian quake", "Armenia's Metsamor NPP, Built Near Fault Line, Gets 10 Year Life Extension", "Armenia's Nuclear Risk; Antiquated Power Station to Be Reopened Despite Wide Concerns About Safety", "6 Found Alive in Armenia 35 Days After Quake", "Soviet Relief Plane Crashes, Killing 78", "Soviet Union: When the Earth Shook – A killer quake devastates Armenia, and the West responds with unprecedented aid", "Russia 'Concerned' About Armenian Protests Of Foreign-Language Schools", "Yugoslav Pilots Blamed in Crash of Quake Relief Plane", "Story of Charles Aznavour's "For you Armenia, "Faucets, Not Hospitals : Armenia Aid Gets Back to the Basics", "In Armenia, Revival the American Way; U.S. Architects Plan an Earthquake-Resistant Spitak", "Out of Earthquake's Rubble Rises Soviet-U.S. Teamwork", "The Spitak (Armenia) earthquake of 7 December 1988: field observations, seismology and tectonics", "Geometry, segmentation and stress regime of the Spitak (Armenia) earthquake from the analysis of the aftershock sequence", "Earthquake of 7 December 1988, Spitak, Armenia report of the NZNSEE team visit of 1989", "Liquefaction and Embankment Failure Case Histories, 1988 Armenia Earthquake", "American critical care team at foreign disaster: The Armenian experience", Earthquake Damage, the Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988, On this day – 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake, Rescue efforts underway after earthquake strikes the Soviet republic of Armenia. 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